Latin Name: Rosa Canina (Dog Rose)
Rose hips have been used since the ancient Egyptians. The romans used Rosehips to cure dog bites, which may be where it gets its name. Romans also used the rose in many other ways:
The employment of the rose in chaplets is, so to say, the least use that is made of it. The flower is steeped in oil, a practice which has prevailed from the times of the Trojan war, as Homer5 bears witness; in addition to which, it now forms an ingredient in our unguents, as mentioned on a previous occasion. It is employed also by itself for certain medicinal purposes, and is used in plasters and eye-salves for its penetrating qualities: it is used, also, to perfume the delicacies of our banquets, and is never attended with any noxious results. (Pliny the Elder AD 77, The Natural History translated by John Bostock, H.T. Riley)
Much later Culpeper records the use of Rosehips in England:
The pulp of the hips has a pleasant grateful acidity, strengthens the stomach, cools the heat of fevers, is pectoral, good for coughs and spitting of blood, and the scurvy (Complete Herbal by Culpeper 17C)
In modern times much research has been conducted into the properties of Rose hips. Rose hip oil is a quickly absorbed oil found to have anti-Inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-skin aging effects on skin. There have also been promising results with rose hip oil on inflammatory dermatitis such as eczema (link). In one trial rose hip powder applied to skin resulted in statistically significant improvements skin moisture and elasticity after 8 weeks of treatment (link).